Human Development Report 2013 : Nepal’s ranking unchanged at 157


Nepal’s human development ranking remained unchanged in the latest the Human Development Report (HDR) 2013.

The report has ranked Nepal 157th, just ahead of Afghanistan (175) among the South Asian countries. Sri Lanka, at the 92nd place, topped the region.

However, there is something to cheer for Nepal. The portion of the Nepali population living under multidimensional poverty has come down to 44.2 percent in 2012 from 64.7 percent in 2010, according to the report prepared by the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP).

Introduced in the HDR in 2010, the multidimensional poverty indicator consists of factors such as poor people’s experience of deprivation, including poor health, lack of education, inadequate living standard, lack of income, disempowerment, and poor work quality.

The report released on Thursday shows there has also been some improvement in the income Gini coefficient, a gauge of wealth gap. Nepal’s income Gini coefficient in the latest report is 32.8. It was 47.3 two years ago.

National Planning Commission (NPC) Vice-chairman Dipendra Bahadur Kshetry said increased wage rate and remittance, which enabled poor people get various facilities, were mainly responsible for the decline in the number of people living under multidimensional poverty. “The government’s efforts to reduce poverty have also contributed,” he said.

According to the report, child labour is relatively high in Nepal, where more than a third of children in the age group 5-14 are economically active.

The report titled ‘The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World’ identifies more than 40 countries in the developing world that have done better than expected in human development terms in recent decades, with their progress accelerating markedly over the past ten years.

“The rise of the South is unprecedented in its speed and scale. Never in history have the living conditions and prospects of so many people changed so dramatically and so fast,” says the Report, which uses the term “the South” to denote developing countries and “the North” to denote developed countries.

By 2030, more than 80 percent of the world’s middle class will live in the South and account for 70 percent of total consumption expenditure. The Asia-Pacific region alone will host about two-thirds of that middle class.

Posted on: 2013-03-15 09:07